Valery Bychenkov Valery Bychenkov

Valery Bychenkov


General Information


Bychenkov Valery Yur’evich

Present Status: Chief Scientist of P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute

Business Address: Leninsky Prospect 53, Moscow 117924, Russia; Tel: +7 499 1357827;

Fax: +7 495 9382251; E-mail:



Doctor of Science, ( Plasma Physics ), P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute. Thesis title:"Kinetic Theory of Ion-Acoustic Turbulence and Anomalous Transport".


Ph.D. ( Plasma Physics ), P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute.Thesis title: "Theoretical Investigation of Turbulent State of Parametrically Unstable Plasmas".


M.Sc., Moscow Engineering Physical Institute.


Professional Experience


Head Scientist, Center for Fundamental and Applied Research, All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics, ROSATOM


Chief Scientist, Department of Quantum Radiophysics, P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow.


Head Scientist, P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute.


Senior Research Fellow, P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute.


Junior Research Fellow, P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute.


Graduate Student, P. N. Lebedev Physics Institute.


Undergraduate Student, Moscow Engineering Physical Institute.







Visiting Professor for 2-4 months, University of Alberta, Canada (19 times); Bochum University, Germany (2 times); INRS-Energie, Quebec, Canada (2 times); ILE Osaka University, Japan (1 time), Bordeaux University, France (2 times).

Numerous short-term collaboration visits to laser and plasma laboratories of USA, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Italy, India, Sweden, Czech Republics, Poland, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria.

Professional activities


Co-Director of inter-institutional laboratory “Relativistic Laser Plasma” (Lebedev Physics Institute – Moscow State University), Moscow 


Representative of Russia as a member of bureau (Beam Plasma and Inertial Fusion) of Plasma Physics Division of European Physical Society


Expert in scientific and technical policy of Russian Federation


Member of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research Expert Board for Oriented Fundamental Research on Interdisciplinary Subjects in the interests of "ROSATOM"


Prizes and awards


Medal of High Education Ministry of the USSR “Best Student Scientific Work”



State Prize of Leninsky Komsomol for plasma physics investigations

The Basov Prize of Lebedev Physics Institute for achievements in physics of laser-plasma interactions

Summary of Research Activity

1. Nonlinear laser-plasma interaction (anomalous absorption and scattering, parametric processes and harmonic generation, self generation of magnetic fields, nonthermal emission, nonlocal laser-plasma coupling, fluctuations in a plasma with randomized laser beams, self-focusing of laser beams).

2. Plasma turbulence (nonthermal fluctuations, parametric turbulence, ion-acoustic turbulence, magnetic turbulence, anomalous transport and nonlinear effects due to turbulence);

3. Transport phenomena in a hot plasma (nonlocal transport coefficients, heat flux inhibition, electron susceptibility of collisional plasma, penetration of electromagnetic wave in a dense plasma, relaxation of hot spots, electron distribution functions in highly inhomogeneous plasma);

4. Nonlinear vortical dynamics of a plasma (Weibel instability, electron vortexes of anisotropic plasma, nonlinear self-consistent magnetic structures, group methods of vortical dynamics).

5. Physics of ultrashort laser pulses and laser-triggered particle acceleration (plasma heating, generation of relativistic electron beams, high energy ion production and nuclear reactions with table-top lasers, Coulomb explosion);

6. Short free electron laser pulses interaction with matter (photoionization, anisotropic electron distribution function, relaxation of photoionized plasma, instabilities of photoionized plasma).

Scientific Publications

More than 250 publications since 1972. Selected publications:

1. V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.T.Tikhonchuk. Laser-Target Interaction: Laser energy absorption and nonlinear plasma phenomena (Chapter 3). Nuclear Fusion by Inertial Confinement. A Comprehensive Treatise. Ed. G.Velarde, Y.Ronen, J.M.Martinez-Val, CRC PRESS, Inc., 1993, p.73.

2. V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Ion-acoustic turbulence and anomalous transport. Phys. Rep., 1988, v.164, N3, 119.

3. V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and A.V.Brantov. Nonlocal electron transport in a plasma. Phys.Rev.Lett., 1995, v.75, 4405.

4. A.Maksimchuk, S.Gu, K.Flippo, D.Umstadter, and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Forward ion acceleration in thin films driven by a high-intensity laser. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2000, v.84, N18, 4108.

5. Wei Yu, V.Yu.Bychenkov, Y.Sentoku, M.Y.Yu, Z.M.Sheng, and K.Mima, Electron acceleration by a short relativistic laser pulse at the front of solid targets. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2000, v. 85, 570.

6. S.H.Glenzer, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, J.D.Moody, J.Albritton, R.L.Berger, A.Brantov, M.E.Foord, B.J.MacGowan, R.K.Kirkwood, H.A.Baldis, and E.A.Williams, Anomalous absorption of high-energy green laser light in high-Z plasmas. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2002, v.88, N23, 235002.

7. V.F.Kovalev and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Analytic solutions to the Vlasov equations for expanding plasma. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2003, v.90, N18, 185004.

8. G.Gregori, S.H.Glenzer, J.Knight, C.Niemann, D.Price, D.H.Froula, M.J.Edwards, R.P.J.Town, A.Brantov, W.Rozmus, and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Effect of nonlocal transport on heat-wave propagation. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, v.92, N20, 205006.  

9.  A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and C.E.Capjack, Kinetic susceptibility and transport theory of collisional plasmas. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, v.92, 125002. 

10. D.V.Romanov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, C.E.Capjack, and R.Fedosejevs, 3D nonlinear evolution of the Weibel unstable plasma to a self-organized state. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, v.93, 215004. 

11. A.G.Mordovanakis, J.Easter, N.Naumova, K.Popov, P-E.Masson-Laborde, B.Hou1, I.Sokolov, G.Mourou, I.V.Glazyrin, W.Rozmus, V.Bychenkov, J.Nees, and K.Krushelnick, Quasimonoenergetic electron beams with relativistic energies and ultrashort duration from laser-solid interactions at 0.5 kHz. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2009, v.103, 235001.

12. C.McGuffey, A.G.R.Thomas, W.Schumaker, T.Matsuoka, V.Chvykov, F.J.Dollar, G.Kalintchenko, V.Yanovsky, A.Maksimchuk, K.Krushelnick, V.Yu.Bychenkov, I.V.Glazyrin, A.V.Karpeev, Ionization induced trapping in a laser wakefield accelerator Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010, v.104, 025004.

13. K.I.Popov, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, N.Naseri, C.E.Capjack, and A.V.Brantov, Ion response to relativistic electron bunches in the blowout regime of laser-plasma accelerators. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2010, v.105, 195002.